Creating URL in Zend Custom View Helper

By , Thursday 28th January 2010 11:01 pm

This may seem simple, but I was banging my head trying to create a URL in a custom view helper in Zend Framework. I have routing setup which gets the module from the sub-domain in use so I couldn’t use a simple hardcoded URL.

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Dynamically add pages to Zend_Navigation container at runtime

By , Thursday 7th January 2010 10:50 pm

In a continuation on my last post about Zend_Navigation, Route requests for sitemap.xml to custom controller/action, this post is about dymnamically adding pages to a Zend_Navigation container at runtime/script execution.

Its all well and good specifying your pages in a ini or xml file but at some point you’re going to have changing pages in your site that you want as part of a menu, sitemap, or to be included in your breadcrumb trail. Therefore what we need to do is add pages to our Zend_Navigation container at runtime. Examples for this would be in adding news items, blog posts, or page comments, etc.

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Route requests for sitemap.xml to custom controller/action

By , Wednesday 6th January 2010 12:13 am

In order to direct requests for /sitemap.xml to a custom controller and action in your Zend Framework application simply add the following in your application.ini or alternative config file (e.g. I use navigation.ini):

resources.router.routes.sitemap.route                = "sitemap.xml"
resources.router.routes.sitemap.defaults.controller  = index
resources.router.routes.sitemap.defaults.action      = sitemap

Example code for outputting can be seen by creating an action in the appropriate controller (e.g. my sitemap lies in the index controller, sitemap action):

class IndexController 
    extends Zend_Controller_Action
     * Renders a sitemap based on Zend_Navigation setup
    public function sitemapAction()
    	echo $this->view->navigation()->sitemap();

Sitemaps can quickly and easily be generated using Zend_Navigation, a great quick tutorial (and generally very useful for Zend Framework tutorials) is Zend CastsDynamically creating a menu a sitemap and breadcrumbs.

Zend Framework Per-Module based settings

By , Friday 1st January 2010 10:40 pm

I’ve created a followup to this post which requires less configuration, please see Module Based Layout – Zend Framework.

When using the zend framework with modules, its obvious that if you’re running various (sub-)sites off the same application you don’t necessarily want the same layout scripts for each part. I decided to go with the following site structure:


The problem was setting up the layout scripts on a per-module basis. The answer came through using an Action Helper. Setting up the layouts on a per-module basis involves three steps:

  1. Application.ini (or similar configuration setup):
    admin.resources.layout.layoutPath = APPLICATION_PATH "/modules/admin/layouts/scripts"
    default.resources.layout.layoutPath = APPLICATION_PATH "/modules/default/layouts/scripts"
    member.resources.layout.layoutPath = APPLICATION_PATH "/modules/member/layouts/scripts"
    affiliate.resources.layout.layoutPath = APPLICATION_PATH "/modules/affiliate/layouts/scripts"
  2. Create your Action Helper:
     * Sets the layout path on a per-module basis
     * @author Lloyd Watkin <>
     * @since  2010-01-01
    class Pro_Controller_Action_Helper_SetLayoutPath
        extends Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Abstract
         * Sets layout path based on module
        public function preDispatch()
        	$module = $this->getRequest()->getModuleName();
    	    if ($bootstrap = $this->getActionController()
    	                       ->getInvokeArg('bootstrap')) {
    	        $config = $bootstrap->getOptions();
    	        if (isset($config[$module]['resources']['layout']['layoutPath'])) {
    	            $layoutPath =
  3. And lastly boostrap the action helper:
         * Sets up layout scripts on a per-module basis
        protected function _initLayoutHelper()
    	    $layout = Zend_Controller_Action_HelperBroker::addHelper(
    	        new Pro_Controller_Action_Helper_SetLayoutPath());

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